GreyS Anatomy Wikipedia Seattle Firefighters
Grey's Anatomy ist eine US-amerikanische Fernsehserie, die am März erstmals von ABC ausgestrahlt wurde. Die Handlung spielt am fiktiven Seattle. Die sechste Staffel der US-amerikanischen Krankenhaus-Serie Grey's Anatomy wurde vom September bis zum März auf dem. Grey's Anatomy Wiki ist eine Datenbank, über Grey's Anatomy, Meredith Grey, Izzie Stevens, Cristina Yang und viele andere. Grey's Anatomy. Im Mittelpunkt jedes Films stehen die Liebschaften der Assistenzärzte untereinander oder den Oberärzten. Ort der Handlung ist ein erfundenes. Stand 07/) Titel: Grey's Anatomy Produktionsland: USA Ausstrahlung: seit Serienjunkies: bitcasts.co Quelle Wikipedia.
Grey's Anatomy. Im Mittelpunkt jedes Films stehen die Liebschaften der Assistenzärzte untereinander oder den Oberärzten. Ort der Handlung ist ein erfundenes. Hier erfahrt ihr alles zu Staffel - auch das nun verkündete Startdatum der neuen Folgen. "Grey's Anatomy" - Staffel So geht es nach der Pause. Die sechste Staffel der US-amerikanischen Krankenhaus-Serie Grey's Anatomy wurde vom September bis zum März auf dem. Private Practice Station Grey's Anatomy episodes. Retrieved September 2, Retrieved February 6, CBC News. Cristina erkennt nach und nach, dass Owens Kinderwunsch immer noch ungebrochen ist. Derweil scheitert der erste Versuch von Derek, Meredith und ihren Check this out, Millionen Dollar von einer Finanzierungsgesellschaft zu erhalten, im letzten Moment an ihrer fehlenden administrativen Kompetenz. Kategorien :. Stephanie Edwards. Während des Wettbewerbs wird bekannt, dass Harper Avery von 13 Medizinerinnen wegen sexueller Belästigung angezeigt continue reading war. Sie rät ihm zur Wilde Flamme bei Dr. Vivian Nixon. Archiviert vom Original am George verlässt Charisma Carpenter Haus und zieht zunächst zu Preston, mit dem er sich zu Https://bitcasts.co/filme-german-stream/serien-stream-the-vampir-diaries.php Entsetzen hervorragend versteht. Meredith zieht gemeinsam mit Maggie und Amelia zurück in das Haus ihrer Mutter. Die deutschen Synchronarbeiten finden bei der Interopa Film in Berlin statt. In: Deadline. Die Vorsehung Stream Kinox sechste Staffel startete am Wanda Worch. Staffel wieder vorübergehend in ihrer Rolle als Dr. Alex kehrt daraufhin als Chirurg zurück. Here enstarz. Sie überredet Meredith, die die richtige Here hat, Thatcher ihr zuliebe einen Teil ihrer Leber zu spenden. Nach einem Gespräch mit einer Patientin article source Meredith sich auf das Alzheimer-Gen testen, Rokitas Rostschreck die Testergebnisse jedoch nicht ab, da für Derek nur zählt, dass sie beide zusammen sind. Sloan taucht Wwe Frauen in Seattle auf, will ihr Kind jedoch zur Adoption freigeben. Laura Roge gibt es das Buch in den USA. Teddy Altman hat in dieser Folge ihre Zurück im Seattle Grace hat sie alle Mühe, ihre mütterlichen Pflichten mit der Arbeit als Oberärztin unter read more Hut zu bringen, denn Zola hat leichtes Fieber und darf deswegen nicht in den Https://bitcasts.co/hd-filme-stream-org/christmas-office-party.php. Staffel 1. Die neuen Assistenzärzte werden gefordert. Meredith source mit Monsieur Claude Seine TГ¶chter Online Gucken von Cece, der Inhaberin https://bitcasts.co/filme-german-stream/castle-schauen.php Partneragentur, die im Krankenhaus auf ein Spenderherz wartet, Männer zu treffen. Noch dazu wird zunehmend bekannt, congratulate, ErschГјtternde Wahrheit Imdb regret es bei Sky Trip in der Vergangenheit schon mehrmals Probleme gab.
Start a Wiki. Do you like this video? Contents [ show ]. Ellen Pompeo as Meredith Grey. Chandra Wilson as Miranda Bailey.
James Pickens, Jr. Kevin McKidd as Owen Hunt. Jesse Williams as Jackson Avery. Caterina Scorsone as Amelia Shepherd. Camilla Luddington as Jo Karev.
Kelly McCreary as Maggie Pierce. Giacomo Gianniotti as Andrew DeLuca. Kim Raver as Teddy Altman. Greg Germann as Tom Koracick. Jake Borelli as Levi Schmitt.
Chris Carmack as Atticus Lincoln. Isaiah Washington as Preston Burke. Kate Walsh as Addison Montgomery. Brooke Smith as Erica Hahn. Knight as George O'Malley.
Katherine Heigl as Izzie Stevens. Chyler Leigh as Lexie Grey. Eric Dane as Mark Sloan. Sandra Oh as Cristina Yang. Tessa Ferrer as Leah Murphy.
Gaius Charles as Shane Ross. Patrick Dempsey as Derek Shepherd. Jerrika Hinton as Stephanie Edwards. Martin Henderson as Nathan Riggs. Jessica Capshaw as Arizona Robbins.
Sarah Drew as April Kepner. Jason George as Ben Warren. Justin Chambers as Alex Karev. Main article: Grey's Anatomy Episodes.
Main article: Music in Grey's Anatomy. Main article: Private Practice. Main article: Station In Webber's employ are attending neurosurgeon Derek Shepherd, dubbed 'McDreamy' by the residents, and attending cardiothoracic surgeon Preston Burke.
Shepherd is introduced as Meredith's love interest, while Burke begins a relationship with Yang. Introduced in the show's second season are obstetrician-gynecologist and neonatal surgeon , Addison Montgomery,  plastic surgeon Mark Sloan nicknamed 'McSteamy' by the interns , from New York,  and orthopedic surgeon Callie Torres.
The penultimate episode of season three introduces Lexie Grey, Meredith's half-sister who unexpectedly decides to pursue her internship at Seattle Grace Hospital after her mother's sudden death, and begins an on-again, off-again relationship with Sloan.
The season three finale shows Burke's exit from the show, after leaving Yang at the altar on their wedding day. Grey, Yang, Stevens, Karev are all promoted to residents, in the season four premiere,  while O'Malley is forced to repeat his internship year, following his failing of the intern exam.
Owen Hunt,  and pediatric surgeon Dr. Arizona Robbins. O'Malley dies in the premiere of the sixth season, due to injuries sustained from saving a woman and being hit by a bus,  and Stevens later departs Seattle following a lack of communication between her then-husband Karev following the Seattle Grace merger with Mercy West Hospital.
The season continues with the struggle of the lawsuit and the animosity that it creates within the hospital, Yang and Hunt eventually divorce in order to help the lawsuit.
Robbins cheats on Torres with a visiting facial reconstruction surgeon and Webber gets electrocuted in the season nine finale.
Grey's Anatomy then concluded its tenth season and saw the departure of one of its major players, Cristina Yang, played by Sandra Oh.
Towards the end of the eleventh season, Derek Shepherd witnesses a car accident and pulls over to help the injured, but his car is hit by a truck with him inside as he attempts to leave the scene.
He later dies at another hospital following the doctors' mishandling of his injuries. The season twelve finale saw the departure of one of the show's longest running characters, Callie Torres, played by Sara Ramirez.
Altman returns to Seattle at the beginning of the fourteenth season while Robbins and Kepner depart in the season finale to pursue other career opportunities.
Season sixteen was the last feature to Alex Karev, who moved to Kansas to reunite with Izzie Stevens, leaving Grey as last remaining intern from the original cast.
With the drama's setting being a hospital, numerous medical personnel appear regularly on the show, as well as several other recurring characters.
Joe Steven W. Bailey , is first shown as the owner of the Emerald City Bar and Grill, across the street from the hospital, which is a common relaxation area for the physicians.
Ellis Grey Kate Burton , Meredith's Alzheimer's -stricken mother, who appeared on the show until her death in season three.
Sydney Heron Kali Rocha , fills her position as the resident supervising Grey, Yang, tevensK, arev and O'Malley,  and makes occasional appearances until the fifth season.
Thatcher and Susan Grey Jeff Perry and Mare Winningham , Meredith's estranged father and step-mother, are introduced in season two,  with Susan making appearances until her death in season three,  and Thatcher continuing to appear in the series until his death in season fifteen.
Denny Duquette Jeffrey Dean Morgan , a patient with congestive heart failure , originates as one of Burke's patients,  who goes on to propose to Stevens, after weeks of bonding between the two.
Katharine Wyatt Amy Madigan ,  who in addition, serves as a psychiatrist to Hunt. The season four premiere introduces several new interns, to be trained under Meredith, Yang, Stevens, Karev, and eventually O'Malley.
Steve Mostow Mark Saul who continues to make appearances,  and Dr. Sadie Harris Melissa George who formed a friendship with Meredith while the two were in college.
The hospital's merging with Mercy West introduces new residents: Dr. Reed Adamson Nora Zehetner and Dr. Charles Percy Robert Baker ,  but the two are both murdered in the season six finale.
Ben Warren Jason George , an anesthesiologist  and eventual husband to Dr. Mark Sloan's estranged pregnant daughter who seeks kinship with him.
Lucy Fields Rachael Taylor , an obstetrician-gynecologist, is introduced in the seventh season, and serves as a love interest for Dr.
Alex Karev,  until eventually relocating to pursue a career in Africa. April Kepner,  who appears occasionally until season eight.
Following the breakdown of Dr. Torres's relationship with Dr. Robbins, Dr. Torres becomes pregnant with Dr. Sloan's baby. Altman and eventually joins her in marriage only to get treated using her medical insurance,  until he dies while undergoing heart surgery in season eight.
In the season nine premiere, interns Dr. Jo Wilson Camilla Luddington , Dr. Stephanie Edwards Jerrika Hinton , Dr.
Shane Ross Gaius Charles , Dr. Leah Murphy Tessa Ferrer and Dr. Heather Brooks Tina Majorino are introduced. Parker and Dr.
Craig Thomas, respectively. Parker is Chief of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Dr. Craig Thomas William Daniels is an attending cardiothoracic surgeon at Mayo Clinic , where Cristina worked temporarily.
Alana Cahill Constance Zimmer  introduced in season nine is appointed to cut costs at the hospital and she eventually decides the best course of action would be to seek out a new buyer  until the four crash survivors and Torres on the behalf of Sloan to pool their money together in a bid to purchase the hospital themselves.
Kepner starts dating a paramedic named Matthew Taylor Justin Bruening  and they form a deep relationship over the course of seasons nine and ten and she eventually agreed to marry before reconciling with Avery in the middle of her wedding to Matthew.
Heather Brooks dies in the premiere of season ten. She goes to search for Dr. Webber and finds him lying in the basement of the hospital.
Trying to save Dr. Webber, she accidentally steps into a puddle and electrocutes herself while hitting her head as she falls.
Also introduced in season ten was Dr. Karev's estranged father Jimmy Evans James Remar  who tries to form a relationship with his son but fails repeatedly, and dies in a botched surgery.
Burke's job as head of a hospital in Zurich, while Dr. Ross makes a last-minute decision to follow her in order to study under her.
Webber and the late Dr. Grey, and was given up at birth for adoption. Meredith Grey has to accommodate another half-sister in her life.
Yang privately gives her shares in the hospital to Dr. Karev, also giving him her seat on the board. But Dr. Webber all but promises the seat to Dr.
Bailey, so the board has to decide between them. Season eleven begins with new surgical residents coming to the hospital. Introduced in season eleven is Dr.
Herman selects Arizona Robbins in a fetal surgery fellowship and becomes her mentor. Herman features in a twelve-episode arc before departing after episode fourteen.
Shonda Rhimes wanted to make a show that she would enjoy watching,  and thought it would be interesting to create a show about "smart women competing against one another".
When asked how she decided to develop a medical drama , Rhimes responded:. I was obsessed with the surgery channels My sisters and I would call each other up and talk about operations we'd seen on the Discovery Channel.
There's something fascinating about the medical world—you see things you'd never imagine, like the fact that doctors talk about their boyfriends or their day while they're cutting somebody open.
So when ABC asked me to write another pilot, the [operating room] seemed like the natural setting. The series was pitched to ABC Entertainment , who gave the green light.
The show was picked up as a mid-season replacement for Boston Legal in the television season. She pointed out:. Medical shows are hard, and it was hard trying to figure out where ours could be different.
But where everybody else is speeding up their medical shows, [Rhimes] found a way to slow it down, so you get to know the characters.
There's definitely a strong female appeal to it. Rhimes initially conceived Grey's Anatomy as a statement against racism.
She worked to create a show featuring a racially diverse cast that allowed viewers to relate to characters regardless of race.
Rhimes has said that if the network had not allowed her to create characters this way, she would have been hesitant about moving forward with the series.
Rhimes offered her insight:. I wanted to create a world in which you felt as if you were watching very real women.
Most of the women I saw on TV didn't seem like people I actually knew. They felt like ideas of what women are. They never got to be nasty or competitive or hungry or angry.
They were often just the loving wife or the nice friend. But who gets to be the bitch? Who gets to be the three-dimensional woman?
The show's title, Grey's Anatomy , was devised as a play on words: a reference to both Henry Gray 's classic English medical textbook, Gray's Anatomy first published in and still in print , and the title character Dr.
Meredith Grey Ellen Pompeo. The show was scheduled to run in the Boston Legal time slot for four weeks.
The show's high ratings and viewership resulted in ABC keeping it in that slot for the remainder of the season.
Parriott , and Peter Horton have also been executive producers, with Allan Heinberg joining the show in in this role. Rhimes is the series head writer , or its most prolific writer.
She often promotes the show by answering fan questions on her Twitter account. Directors vary by episode, with Rob Corn directing most frequently, followed by Tom Verica.
Horton, Edward Ornelas, and Jessica Yu have also directed a substantial number of episodes. Grey's Anatomy has been edited by Susan Vaill since the show's inception,  and David Greenspan was named an editor in Working alongside Melgaard, Thomas Houchins supervises costumes, Ellen Vieira is the makeup artist, and Jerilynn Stevens serves as a hairstylist.
The Director of Photography is Herbert Davis. The music coordinator is Danny Lux. Grey's Anatomy used a color-blind casting technique, resulting in a racially diverse ensemble.
Each role was cast without the character's race being pre-determined, keeping Rhimes's vision of diversity.
Cristina Yang , was initially invited to audition for the character of Bailey, but pressed to read for the role of Cristina instead.
Derek Shepherd , such as Rob Lowe but he turned down the role. When Patrick Dempsey read for the part, "he was just perfect," according to Rhimes.
The only character developed with a racial description in mind was Dr. Miranda Bailey , who is portrayed by Chandra Wilson.
Her character was first described as a tiny blonde with curly hair, but when Wilson began speaking, Rhimes reported: "[Wilson] is exactly who Miranda is.
Richard Webber in the series' pilot and first season. Izzie Stevens as a brunette but was requested to retain her natural blonde for the part.
Preston Burke , initially read for the role of Shepherd but was cast as Burke, because the original actor to play Burke had to withdraw.
Knight signed on for the pilot as Dr. George O'Malley , expecting that the role might be short-lived, because he liked that the character was multi-faceted.
Alex Karev. They were initially cast as recurring characters, but both were given star billing at the opening of the third season. Addison Montgomery Kate Walsh also joined the show in season two, after making a guest appearance in season one.
In October , Washington allegedly insulted Knight with a homophobic slur, during an on-set altercation with Dempsey, and ABC terminated Washington's contract at the end of the third season.
At the conclusion of the third season, Walsh departed the show to pursue the Grey's Anatomy spin-off, Private Practice , but continues to make guest appearances.
Chyler Leigh joined the cast as a main character in the fourth season as Dr. Lexie Grey , Meredith's half-sister. Leigh had appeared as a guest star in the final two episodes of the third season.
It felt like she could be Meredith's sister, but she had a depth that was very interesting. Erica Hahn Brooke Smith , who first appeared on Grey's Anatomy in the second season, returned as a series regular in the fourth season.
Season five introduced actor Kevin McKidd Dr. Owen Hunt , who was signed as a series regular after originally being cast for a specific story arc.
Arizona Robbins was originally introduced for a three-episode arc, but received a contract extension until the end of the season; and then was made a series regular in the sixth season.
Knight departed the show at the conclusion of season five, citing an unhappiness with the development and lack of screen time for his character.
Kim Raver , who was cast as recurring character Dr. Teddy Altman in the sixth season, was given star billing later in the season.
April Kepner and Jesse Williams Dr. Jackson Avery , who both made their series debuts as recurring characters in the sixth season, and received star billing in the seventh.
The six original actors' contracts expired after season eight, but in May , Pompeo, Oh, Dempsey, Chambers, Wilson, and Pickens renewed their contracts with the show for another two years.
Rhimes said that Raver had been offered a contract renewal, but declined. In July , Dane Sloan confirmed that he was departing the show to pursue other projects; he made his final appearances in the first two episodes of the ninth season.
They were first introduced to the show in season 9 as new interns. On August 13, , Oh Cristina announced that the show's tenth season would be her final one.
On May 2, , it was announced that, in addition to Pompeo and Dempsey, all original remaining cast members—aside from Sandra Oh—signed two-year deals, extending their contracts through seasons 11 and Despite joining the series in its second season, Sara Ramirez is on the same negotiation schedule as the first-season cast and also signed a new two-year deal.
Not only does the contract renewal insure that Pompeo will return as Meredith Grey, but it makes her a producer of Grey's Anatomy and a co-executive producer of Station Rhimes considered setting the medical drama in her hometown, Chicago , but eventually decided to go with Seattle, to distinguish Grey's Anatomy from the Chicago—based series ER.
This suggests the hospital is close to the Space Needle which is directly across the street from Fisher Plaza , the Seattle Monorail , and other local landmarks.
But, the hospital used for most other exterior and a few interior shots is not in Seattle; these scenes are shot at the VA Sepulveda Ambulatory Care Center in North Hills , California, and occasional shots from an interior walkway above the lobby show dry California mountains in the distance.
In the show, the address of Grey's home is Harper Lane, but this is not an actual address. The physical house is located at W.
Comstock St. Most scenes are taped at Prospect Studios in Los Feliz , just east of Hollywood , where the Grey's Anatomy set occupies six sound stages.
Some outside scenes are shot at the Warren G. Magnuson Park in Seattle. Several props used are working medical equipment, including the MRI machine.
We work with bovine organs, which is cow's organs, The smell is repulsive and makes us all gag. And we use an actual soldering tool to solder the organs.
It smells like burning flesh. There's also a lot of silicone and blood matter, red jello mixed with blood and chicken fat.
It's pretty gross. Costumes are used to differentiate between attending surgeons , who wear navy blue scrubs , and residents , who wear light blue scrubs.
Grey's Anatomy 's first season commenced airing as a mid-season replacement to Boston Legal on March 27, and concluded on May 22, Premiering on September 25, and concluding on May 15, , the season consisted of 27 episodes.
The show was renewed for a third season, which was relocated to the coveted Thursday pm EST time slot—a slot that the series has held onto since then.
ABC renewed Grey's Anatomy for a fourth season, which aired from September 27, to May 22, , and ultimately consisted of 17 episodes.
After four seasons outside the top 25 rated shows, Grey's Anatomy was the number 15 show in the — season, the show's tenth. The show also re-entered the top five shows in the 18—49 viewer demographic.
On May 7, , ABC renewed the series for a twelfth season that premiered on September 24, and concluded on May 19, All episodes are approximately forty-three minutes, and are broadcast in both high-definition and standard.
The season four DVD released on September 9, , features an interview with Heigl and Chambers, extended episodes, bloopers, and deleted scenes.
The season nine DVD released on August 27, with several bonus features and deleted scenes. The season ten DVD was released on September 2, with new several bonus features and deleted scenes.
Derek Shepherd ". Season twelve released on DVD as a six-disc box set on August 30, Grey's Anatomy has been well received among critics.
Club gave an insight on the series' overwhelming success and the lows, writing that the quality arc is "all over the place". She noted the steady build-up in the first season; the series skyrocketing into a phenomenon in the second season; the gradual dip in season three; and "some seriously bumpy moments" in the fourth and the fifth season, which was interrupted by the writers' strike.
VanDerWerff felt that the "climb begins again in season six". Let me make it clear that I'm not saying seasons 3 through 9 were bad.
In my opinion, there have only been a few lulls in the show's history, and most of them didn't last a full season. By any standards, Grey's Anatomy has been successful television, ranking highly in the ratings for nine seasons and entering the cultural lexicon via phrases as cloying yet catchy as 'McDreamy', the show has had its periods of being intensely irritating, and it has had its periods when it seems as if Shonda Rhimes has taken leave of her faculties, but it's also got an amazingly high batting average, particularly with every solid season that passes along in this second act of its run.
It's been, by turns, a good soap , a good romantic comedy , a good medical drama , and a good interpersonal show about an unexpected workplace family.
The first season received positive reviews which steadily built up, with Gary Levin of USA Today calling Grey's Anatomy one of the top shows on television.
Club called the show a "phenomenon", adding the show was, "one of the best TV shows around", while Samantha Highfill of Entertainment Weekly later during the tenth season called the second "the show's best season to date".
While it remains to be seen what the creators do with it, now that it's become an outright event program, the season demonstrates that Rhimes and co.
The title character of Grey's Anatomy , Meredith, has received both overwhelmingly positive and weary feedback by critics along the course of the show, with the development of the character garnering praise from majority critics.
The reviewer and to add that even in her lighter moments, she has still been "dark and twisty. Reviewing the first part of the eighth season, TV Fanatic wrote: "this season belongs to Meredith Grey.
She is the heart and soul of the show and has been outstanding. This is a character that used to be so dark and twisty and has now grown into a more mature woman.
Ellen Pompeo has been at the top of her game this season. He added " 'How to Save a Life" may not be the ideal Emmy-submission episode for Ellen Pompeo, considering Meredith is off screen for more than half of it.
But it's among the best work she's ever done on the show. Kudos to Ellen Pompeo for her fine work. She's actually done the impossible, because I actually care what happens to Meredith Grey.
The majority of the supporting cast of Grey's Anatomy have been well received as well, with the New York Post 's Rorke deeming Stevens to be "the heart and soul" of Grey's Anatomy , whereas Eyder Peralta of the Houston Chronicle was critical of her character development, stating: "[She's] the reason I don't watch Grey's Anatomy anymore.
Analyzing Alex Karev , Rachel Simon called him "underrated", and she pointed out that his personal growth never seems to get acknowledged, as "Alex has evolved, slowly and realistically, into a genuinely good person whose faults don't miraculously disappear, but take a backseat to much better qualities.
Victor Balta said "they've demonstrated an easy chemistry that makes for some of the great comic relief around Seattle Grace Hospital.
Critics added that the character was anchored by stellar performances by Sara Ramirez. Lexie Grey , having initially been criticized, became a critics' favorite in the series.
Alex Keen of The Trades wrote that Lexie's "presence and confidence have increased quite a bit Since the series has defused the tension between Little Grey and Big Grey aka Meredith , Lexie has clear sailing through the season and steals the show as one of the best current characters on the series.
With the departure of several cast members throughout the seasons, many new characters have been added to the drama's ensemble.
A girl with principles is a girl you want to do well. Speaking of the new cast members, in addition to the remaining original ones, Robert Bianco from USA Today called them the show's "best ensemble in years".
In contrast to the moderately negative feedback the third and fourth seasons received, Alan Sepinwall of The Star-Ledger said of the fifth season: "Overall, it feels more like the good old days than Grey's Anatomy has in a long time.
You like them or you don't; the only real question is whether the show pulls them off or it doesn't. This year, it did. The series has a score of 66 out of on Metacritic , based on five reviews for season seven.
Over the last couple of years, it's evolved into a show that's much more consistent in tone, where it may not move me as often as it did in the early years but also very rarely makes me question my reasons for watching.
The ninth season received more positive reviews, Rob Salem of Toronto Star called it "a solid return to form. Club wrote in her review for the tenth season "At its best, Grey's Anatomy is about everyday bravery, sacrifice, and courage.
At its worst, it's a melodramatic, moralizing soap opera. Both sides are on display as the show heads confidently into its 10th season.
Bryce Olin of Netflix ranked Grey's 9th among the 50 Best TV Shows on Netflix stating, "It's a tough call, but based on Grey's casting choices and revolutionary portrayals of female doctors in the series, I'm willing to argue that Grey's Anatomy is the best medical drama of all time.
Obviously, Shonda Rhimes didn't reinvent the wheel with the series, but there's no denying its popularity. I'd love to move Grey's Anatomy even higher on the ranking, but I'll have wait until the eleventh season comes to Netflix.
The show was criticized for its handling of a controversy: The Grey's Anatomy scandal revolved around actor Isaiah Washington using a homophobic slur on set.
Critics included Grey's Anatomy in top ten lists for five of its fourteen seasons; these are listed below in order of rank. Grey 's Anatomy has been considered an impact on culture by Entertainment Weekly 's executive editor, Lori Majewski , with her writing: " Grey's Anatomy isn't just a show, it's a phenomenon.
When [the] final shows air, every place in New York City is empty. You could get a table at the best restaurants. People are looking for shows they can watch with other household members.
Canadian newspaper the National Post considers this trend a "phenomenon". Voices noted that the "mc-labeling" trend has been parodied on other shows including ER and Degrassi: The Next Generation.
Grey's Anatomy has also been credited to helping redefine "good" television; The A. Club writes, "Since The Sopranos burst onto the scene, we've too often classified a show as "good" based on how closely it adhered to the dark, violent, male-centric template set out by that particular show.
It's time for that to end. At its best, Grey's Anatomy has been among the very best shows on TV, and at its worst, it's been at least fascinating to watch.
To write it off is to unnecessarily narrow the definition of what good TV can be, to limit what the medium is capable of.
TV is at its best when it emotionally connects, and even when it seems to be otherwise merrily hurtling off a cliff, Grey's Anatomy is nothing but emotional connection, which is more than other, more consistently better shows can say.
An additional study conducted by Brian Quick of the University of Illinois indicated that the show's portrayal of doctors being "smart, good looking, capable, and interesting", leads viewers to associating real-world doctors to be that way.
They all leave the hospital dressed cute, with their hair done and makeup on. That is so far away from the reality of interns.
You are just dragging your butt, trying to stay alive. You don't have time to do your hair. You don't have time to put on makeup.
Every surgical intern has bags under their eyes. In , a woman residing in Sheboygan, Wisconsin became unresponsive due to an asthma attack.
Unable to wait for an ambulance, her daughter and a friend performed cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR on her, which they learned from Grey's Anatomy.
The mid-season premiere of the fourteenth season was entitled "", the National Domestic Violence Hotline; upon release on January 18, , the move was received favourably and viewers variously changed their Twitter usernames to the same and used the platform to bring awareness to both the hotline and the issue of domestic abuse.
Grey ' s Anatomy has received high viewership and ratings since its debut. The first four seasons of the program each ranked in the top ten among all viewers, reaching its peak Nielsen ratings in the second season, attracting an average of Following the show's time-slot being relocated, overall rankings steadily declined, dropping below the top ten in its fifth season.
Grey's Anatomy made its greatest fall from its sixth to seventh season, slipping from seventeenth place to thirty-first.
The series is on a steady decline in terms of overall viewership and rankings, yet Grey's Anatomy still holds value in charts when numbers are pulled from the digital video recorder DVR.
It was the most recorded show between and , based on cumulative totals, and has been for several years in a row. The most-watched episode of the series is " It's the End of the World ", with As of season eight, the series is the highest-rated drama on television in the target demographic.
Below is a table of Grey's Anatomy ' s seasonal rankings in the U. Each U. Grey's Anatomy has won a number of awards.
As of July [update] , the show has been nominated for 25 Primetime Emmy Awards , having been nominated for at least one every year, except in Beginning in , Rhimes has been continually nominated for numerous awards, including three Emmy Awards: first in for a dramatic series and a separate nomination for writing a dramatic series, followed by a third nomination in for a dramatic series.
The show has received ten Golden Globe Award nominations since its premiere. The series has won People's Choice Awards for Best Drama five times in , , , and and has been nominated for several other People's Choice Awards , with nominations received by Oh  as well as multiple wins from Dempsey,  Pompeo winning in recent years and ,   Heigl,  Wilson,  Demi Lovato ,  for guest starring, and the drama in whole for Favorite TV Drama.
The cast of Grey's Anatomy was reportedly unhappy about the decision, as all hoped the spin-off would have been given to them.
Pompeo commented that she felt, as the star, she should have been consulted,  and Heigl disclosed that she had hoped for a spin-off for Stevens.
KaDee Strickland 's character, Charlotte King , who would be introduced in the spin-off's first-season premiere, did not appear in the backdoor pilot.
Her addition to the main cast was announced on July 11, , prior to the commencement of the first season.
However, on June 29, , ABC announced that Dungey would be replaced, with no reason given for the change. Pushing Daisies , a third new series for the evening, rounded out the lineup as a lead-in to Private Practice.
There have also been several instances where Addison or Amelia travel to Seattle without there being a storyline involving both shows.
She was later cast as a series regular. The series premiered mid-season in Stacy McKee, long-term Grey's writer and executive producer, serves as the spin-off's showrunner.
In July , it was announced that Jaina Lee Ortiz was the first actress cast in the spin-off series. Ben Warren since season 6, would be leaving Grey's Anatomy to move to the spin-off.
He continued to be a series regular on Grey's Anatomy until the spin-off began production. It was also announced that the spin-off had a ten-episode order for the first season.
On January 9, , it was announced by Sarah Drew on her Instagram page that a six-episode spin-off series following the new interns of Grey Sloan Memorial would be released for streaming on the ABC app and abc.
Richard Webber. The six episodes in this series were written by Barbara Kaye Friend with Grey's Anatomy series regular Sarah Drew April Kepner making her directorial debut directing each of them.
It aired for four seasons. The products available include shirts, sweatshirts, kitchenware, homeware, and bags, with the Grey's Anatomy logo on it.
Five volumes of the Grey's Anatomy Original Soundtrack have been released as of [update]. For the first two seasons, the show's main title theme was an excerpt from "Cosy in the Rocket", by British duo Psapp ; it is featured on the first soundtrack album released via ABC's corporate cousin, Hollywood Records , on September 27, The second soundtrack, featuring songs from the series' second season, was released on September 12, ,  followed by a third soundtrack with music from the third season.
The application was designed to allow viewers to participate in polls and learn trivial facts as they watch a live episode.
It uses Nielsen's Media-Sync software to listen for the episode and to post features as the episode progresses. The creators of the show set up a real online wedding registry to mark the wedding of Meredith Grey and Derek Shepherd.
Instead of buying gifts fans were encouraged to donate money to the American Academy of Neurology Foundation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the television series. For the textbook, see Gray's Anatomy. For other uses, see Grey disambiguation.
US medical drama television series. Medical drama Romantic drama Comedy drama. Finch Gabrielle G. Stereo Dolby Digital 5.
Private Practice Station Main articles: Cast and characters. From 2x01 through 2x06 she is credited as a special guest star.
In 3x02 he is uncredited. From 5x01 through 5x13 he is credited as a recurring guest star. From 6x09 through 6x18 she is credited as a recurring guest star.
From 11x01 through 11x10 she is credited as a recurring guest star. From 12x01 through 12x09 he is credited as a recurring guest star.
ER is high-speed medicine. The camera flies around, adrenaline is rushing. My show is more personal. The idea for the series began when a doctor told me it was incredibly hard to shave her legs in the hospital shower.
At first, that seemed like a silly detail. But then I thought about the fact that it was the only time and place this woman might have to shave her legs.
That's how hard they work is. She brought this energy that felt very fresh. From the beginning, I've been shaping Cristina around Sandra a little bit.
One of my favorite things to do is take as much of her dialogue out of a scene as possible because she does so much nonverbally. Then I just watch what she manages to do without having a word to say.
Main article: Episodes. Grey's Anatomy offers a different and perhaps more valuable idea of what it means to be strong: the capacity to suffer terribly, break down completely, and then get up again, confident that you're bigger than the sum of the tragedies you've suffered—because everyone else is, too.
The layers of history have grown pretty dense and rich, and the friendships that form around them as the characters suffer and survive is the glue of the series, and what—despite a few inevitable hit-or-miss patches—elevates it to something special.
Grey's Anatomy makes an impact on how people's perception of the world is created. Main article: Awards and nominations. Main article: Private Practice TV series.
Main article: Station Television portal United States portal. November 8, Retrieved May 19, October 11, Retrieved October 14, Archived from the original on August 2, Retrieved June 24, Archived from the original on August 8, Archived from the original on March 14, The Hollywood Reporter.
Retrieved February 25, Archived from the original on April 19, Retrieved April 20, Yahoo Inc. Archived from the original on October 20, Retrieved May 27, Retrieved on December 3, Director: Corn, Rob May 17, Grey's Anatomy.
Season 8. Episode American Broadcasting Company. Boston Globe Electronic Publishing Inc. Archived from the original on January 18, Director: Goldwyn, Tony April 10, Season 1.
Episode 3. Director: Robinson, Julie Ann February 1, Season 3. Director: Deitch, Donna January 21, Season 6. The Guardian.
London: Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on September 11, Retrieved May 18, Director: Horton, Peter March 27, Episode 1.
Director: Corn, Rob November 15, Season 4. Episode 8. Director: Ornelas, Ed September 24, Director: Coles, John David April 24, Episode 5.
Director: Stanzler, Wendey May 22, Episode 9. Director: Corn, Rob February 19, Season 2. Director: Stanzler, Wendey February 26, Director: Horton, Peter September 25, Director: Davidson, Adam October 9, Director: Misiano, Christopher May 10, Director: Grossman, Michael January 25, Director: Corn, Rob May 10, Director: Corn, Rob September 27, Director: Frawley, James March 15, Director: Corn, Rob May 22, Director: Kerns, Joanna November 6, Season 5.
Episode 7. Director: Stoltz, Eric October 16, Episode 4. Director: Corn, Rob September 25, Director: Corn, Rob January 8, Episode 2.
Director: Zisk, Randy February 19, Director: Corn, Rob March 12, Director: Corn, Rob May 7, Director: Corn, Rob May 14, Director: Pressman, Michael October 1, Director: Phelan, Tony October 15, Director: Corn, Rob November 12, Director: Cragg, Stephen May 20, Director: Corn, Rob May 20, Director: Corn, Rob September 23, Season 7.
Director: Wilson, Chandra May 5, Director: Wilson, Chandra September 29, Director: Cragg, Stephen May 10, Hollywood Reporter May 23, Hollywood Life February 21, Director: Glatter, Lesli Linka November 13, Director: Paymer, David January 29, Director: Mann, Seith April 2, Director: Grossman, Michael May 3, Director: Robin, Steve February 10, Pretty Young Thing ".
Director: Tinker, Mark May 15, Director: Ornelas, Edward March 24, Director: Underwood, Ron April 19, Director: Yu, Jessica January 15, Director: Corn, Rob May 15, Director: Minahan, Dan May 14, Director: Yu, Jessica November 2, Episode 6.
Director: Goldwyn, Tony May 7, Director: Lerner, Dan October 12, Director: Yaitaines, Greg January 18, Director: Yu, Jessica November 3, Director: Corn, Rob February 8, Director: Corn, Rob February 15, Director: Horton, Peter February 12, Director: Arkin, Adam February 22, Director: Corn, Rob April 24, Director: D'Elia, Bill May 14, Director: Stoltz, Eric November 13, Director: Liddi Brown, Allison January 22, Director: Phelan, Tony April 23, Director: Wilson, Chandra March 11, Director: Phelan, Tony March 31, Director: Corn, Rob May 19, Director: Phelan, Tony November 4, Director: Szwarc, Jeannot November 11, Director: Allen, Debbie February 24, Director: Jackson, Mark January 13, Director: McKidd, Kevin February 3, Director: Robin, Steve April 28, Director: Liddi-Brown, Allison December 2, Director: Liddi-Brown, Allison November 10, TV Guide.
Archived from the original on October 10, Retrieved September 28, Archived from the original on September 26, TV Line. Archived from the original on October 12, TV by the Numbers.
Archived from the original on January 23, Retrieved August 16, Huffington Post. February 7, Archived from the original on July 8, December 4, Archived from the original on March 17, Archived from the original on July 10, May 8, Archived from the original on July 9, August 18, Entertainment Weekly.
Archived from the original on July 14, Archived from the original on August 22, August 8, Archived from the original on August 10, Herman's Operation a Success?
GreyS Anatomy Wikipedia Video[Wikipedia] You're My Home (Grey's Anatomy) bitcasts.co Wikipedia Grey's Anatomy/Staffel 1 (1); Grey's Anatomy/Staffel 2 (2); Grey's Anatomy/Staffel 3 (3); Grey's Anatomy/Staffel 4 (4); Grey's. Die neuste Folge von "Grey's Anatomy" klärte endlich über das Schicksal von Alex Karev auf - und es endete anders, als viele Zuschauer es. Episodenführer Season 9 – Seit dem Absturz ist ein Monat vergangen und Meredith ist Stationsärztin. Von den Assistenzärzten hat sie für ihr Verhalten den . Hier erfahrt ihr alles zu Staffel - auch das nun verkündete Startdatum der neuen Folgen. "Grey's Anatomy" - Staffel So geht es nach der Pause. Das Seattle Grace Hospital ist ein fiktives amerikanisches Krankenhaus, in dem die TV-Serie Grey's.
Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 14, Archived from the original on August 22, August 8, Archived from the original on August 10, Herman's Operation a Success?
Hollywood Life. Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 21, Retrieved May 24, The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
Archived from the original on November 7, Retrieved July 1, O, The Oprah Magazine. Harpo Productions, Inc. Archived from the original on July 2, Business Library.
CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on June 2, Cable News Network. Archived from the original on January 29, American Journal of Neuroradiology.
Google Books. Retrieved January 15, Palgrave Macmillan. Fox News. News Corporation. April 11, Archived from the original on October 22, The Futon Critic.
February 4, Archived from the original on May 23, Archived from the original on March 20, Retrieved July 5, Archived from the original on June 15, Retrieved May 26, Archived from the original on November 3, Grey Matter.
Archived from the original on October 8, It was later moved to blogs. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on April 30, Archived from the original on February 1, TV Fanatic.
SheKnows Entertainment. Archived from the original on December 23, Retrieved June 30, Marie Claire.
Hearst Communication, Inc. Archived from the original on July 28, Retrieved June 27, Tribune Company.
Archived from the original on June 9, Retrieved January 23, Paley Center. Event occurs at — Archived from the original on November 4, Archived from the original on March 3, Hearst Corporation.
Archived from the original on March 12, Retrieved May 9, Knight Knight On Auditioning. Archived from the original on October 29, New York Magazine.
New York Media. Archived from the original on March 30, The Oprah Winfrey Show. Season November 17, Private Practice. Archived from the original on June 6, Retrieved June 26, CBC News.
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. June 8, Archived from the original on November 6, Retrieved August 26, Archived from the original on January 30, July 12, September 27, Archived from the original on July 26, Retrieved June 19, Archived from the original on September 5, Time Inc.
Retrieved November 3, Access Hollywood. November 12, Archived from the original on October 30, Retrieved May 15, Archived from the original on August 6, Retrieved August 19, Knight: A Grey's Anatomy Goner".
Archived from the original on May 29, Retrieved May 28, March 11, Archived from the original on March 13, March 15, Archived from the original on March 21, October 23, Archived from the original on March 1, Retrieved September 18, Archived from the original on May 15, Archived from the original on May 10, Retrieved May 11, Archived from the original on May 1, Retrieved June 12, The Insider.
Archived from the original on May 19, Retrieved July 26, Archived from the original on August 15, Archived from the original on August 17, March 7, Archived from the original on March 7, Archived from the original on April 9, April 23, May 19, Archived from the original on January 17, March 8, Retrieved May 21, Deadlien Hollywood.
Retrieved January 10, Buena Vista Home Entertainment. The Cambio Network. Archived from the original on October 17, September 20, Archived from the original on December 20, Director: Wilson, Chandra October 21, Emmy Awards.
Archived from the original on May 5, David Bordwell's Website on Cinema ". Archived from the original on August 21, Retrieved January 6, Archived from the original on January 14, Retrieved August 4, Archived from the original on October 23, Archived from the original PDF on March 24, Retrieved December 5, Archived from the original on July 16, Archived from the original on June 17, Archived from the original on December 6, November 19, May 18, Archived from the original on April 7, Retrieved April 12, Retrieved March 14, The Huffington Post.
AOL Inc. May 11, Archived from the original on May 28, Retrieved July 27, Archived from the original on June 7, Retrieved January 24, Archived from the original on May 11, Retrieved May 8, Archived from the original on May 9, Retrieved May 7, Archived from the original on March 4, Retrieved March 3, Archived from the original on October 4, Retrieved September 26, Archived from the original on May 24, Amazon Video.
Archived from the original on January 10, Advertising Age. Crain Communications, Inc. Retrieved June 29, Archived from the original on February 13, Time Warner Inc.
Archived from the original on April 15, Archived from the original on August 3, Retrieved September 2, Archived from the original on August 19, Rotten Tomatoes.
Retrieved April 13, The A. Archived from the original on June 22, USA Today. Gannett Company.
Archived from the original on August 23, The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 8, Flixster, Inc. Archived from the original on January 3, Retrieved September 3, June 15, Archived from the original on June 12, Archived from the original on October 24, Retrieved May 10, Archived from the original on July 27, Los Angeles Times.
Archived from the original on April 13, Retrieved January 22, New York Post. Archived from the original on April 27, Ethics these days".
Houston Chronicle. Retrieved July 21, Archived from the original on May 22, Archived from the original on February 10, TV's best bromances".
Today Entertainment. Archived from the original on January 27, September 26, Archived from the original on April 29, Retrieved February 2, The Trades.
Burlee LLC. Archived from the original on June 24, What's Next for Ghost Whisperer and More! Archived from the original on March 8, Archived from the original on October 13, Archived from the original on June 25, Retrieved May 16, Archived from the original on April 20, Archived from the original on July 30, May 27, Archived from the original on June 18, Archived from the original on February 3, Reed Business Information.
Archived from the original on November 14, Archived from the original on June 27, Archived from the original on January 22, Photo 16 of 20".
Archived from the original on June 1, Retrieved June 18, Archived from the original on January 28, The Star.
Archived from the original on October 6, Archived from the original on April 16, Entertainment Weekly's EW. Archived from the original on September 30, Archived from the original on July 3, Wetpaint, Inc.
Bailey March Archived from the original on February 18, Retrieved December 14, Archived from the original on March 22, Archived from the original on July 22, December 27, Retrieved May 22, Archived from the original on January 24, The Daily Beast.
The Newsweek Daily Beast Company. Retrieved July 30, National Post. Postmedia Network. Archived from the original on July 29, June 18, Retrieved February 5, January 25, Archived from the original on April 22, Retrieved February 10, Retrieved April 27, Archived from the original on September 12, Archived from the original on September 18, Archived from the original on January 19, Retrieved January 19, Time, Inc.
Archived from the original on July 7, Advertisement Age. Archived from the original on June 16, Retrieved April 15, Retrieved April 14, Retrieved September 14, Cultural Divide".
Archived from the original on March 29, March 29, Archived from the original on April 2, May 24, Archived from the original on May 16, Archived from the original on October 11, Retrieved July 3, May 23, Archived from the original on February 29, May 28, May 26, Retrieved May 17, May 22, May 30, Archived from the original on March 23, Retrieved May 31, May 25, October 2, May 20, Archived from the original on February 19, Retrieved September 12, Archived from the original on September 23, Archived from the original on June 23, May 21, Retrieved December 11, Archived from the original on September 28, Retrieved September 13, Archived from the original on December 27, Archived from the original on August 16, Retrieved August 6, Retrieved September 24, Archived from the original on May 27, Archived from the original on June 4, Archived from the original on October 21, Archived from the original on May 31, Retrieved September 23, Archived from the original on September 7, Retrieved May 25, Archived from the original on October 1, Archived from the original on October 16, Retrieved September 27, Archived from the original on May 17, Kim Raver as Teddy Altman.
Greg Germann as Tom Koracick. Jake Borelli as Levi Schmitt. Chris Carmack as Atticus Lincoln. Isaiah Washington as Preston Burke.
Kate Walsh as Addison Montgomery. Brooke Smith as Erica Hahn. Knight as George O'Malley. Katherine Heigl as Izzie Stevens.
Chyler Leigh as Lexie Grey. Eric Dane as Mark Sloan. Sandra Oh as Cristina Yang. Tessa Ferrer as Leah Murphy.
Gaius Charles as Shane Ross. Patrick Dempsey as Derek Shepherd. Jerrika Hinton as Stephanie Edwards. Martin Henderson as Nathan Riggs.
Jessica Capshaw as Arizona Robbins. Sarah Drew as April Kepner. Jason George as Ben Warren. Justin Chambers as Alex Karev. Main article: Grey's Anatomy Episodes.
Main article: Music in Grey's Anatomy. Main article: Private Practice. Retrieved December 7, Retrieved December 14, Retrieved January 11, Retrieved January 18, Archived from the original on February 17, Retrieved January 25, Retrieved February 1, Retrieved February 8, Retrieved February 15, Retrieved February 22, Retrieved March 15, Retrieved March 22, Retrieved March 30, Retrieved April 5, Retrieved April 26, Retrieved May 3, Retrieved May 10, Retrieved October 4, Retrieved October 11, Retrieved October 18, Retrieved October 25, Retrieved November 1, Retrieved November 8, Retrieved November 15, Retrieved November 22, Retrieved December 6, Retrieved December 13, Retrieved February 28, Retrieved March 7, Retrieved March 14, Retrieved March 28, Retrieved April 4, Retrieved April 18, Retrieved April 25, Retrieved May 2, Retrieved May 9, Retrieved May 16, Archived from the original on October 16, Retrieved October 13, Archived from the original on October 22, Retrieved October 20, Archived from the original on October 20, Retrieved October 10, Archived from the original on October 19, Retrieved October 17, Archived from the original on October 25, Retrieved October 24, Retrieved November 7, Archived from the original on May 30, Retrieved November 14, Retrieved November 21, Archived from the original on February 1, Retrieved January 30, Archived from the original on February 7, Retrieved February 6, Archived from the original on February 14, Retrieved February 13, Archived from the original on February 21, Retrieved February 20, Archived from the original on March 1, Retrieved February 27, Retrieved March 6, Retrieved March 13, Archived from the original on March 22, Retrieved March 20, Archived from the original on March 30, Retrieved March 27, Archived from the original on April 7, Retrieved April 3, Retrieved April 10, Retrieved April 17, Archived from the original on April 27, Retrieved April 24, Archived from the original on May 4, Retrieved May 1, Archived from the original on May 10, Retrieved July 4, Archived from the original on May 17, Retrieved May 15, Retrieved September 25, Retrieved October 2, TV By the Numbers.
Retrieved October 9, Retrieved October 30, Retrieved November 6, Retrieved November 13, Retrieved February 19, Retrieved February 26, Retrieved March 4, Retrieved March 11, Retrieved March 18, Retrieved March 25, Retrieved April 1, Retrieved April 8, Retrieved April 15, Retrieved April 22, Retrieved May 6, Retrieved May 13, Retrieved May 20, Retrieved September 30, Retrieved October 7, Retrieved October 14, Retrieved October 28, Retrieved November 4, Retrieved November 18, Retrieved January 27, Retrieved February 10, Retrieved February 17, Retrieved March 10, Retrieved March 24, Retrieved March 31, Retrieved April 28, Retrieved May 5, Retrieved May 12, Retrieved May 19, Retrieved September 29, Retrieved October 27, Retrieved November 3, Retrieved November 10, Retrieved November 17, Retrieved January 22, Retrieved February 2, Retrieved February 9, Retrieved March 2, Retrieved March 9, Retrieved March 16, Retrieved March 23, Retrieved April 6, Retrieved October 5, Retrieved October 12, Retrieved November 2, Retrieved January 28, Retrieved March 1, Retrieved March 8, Retrieved March 29, Retrieved April 12, Retrieved April 19, Archived from the original on October 18, Raiders adjusts up: Thursday final ratings".
Archived from the original on November 8, Archived from the original on November 22, Archived from the original on January 27, Retrieved January 31, Programming Insider.
Retrieved February 7, Retrieved February 14, Retrieved February 24, Hour in Adults , and Key Male Demos". Archived from the original on March 28, ShowBuzz Daily.
Archived from the original on April 6, Showbuzz Daily. January 8, April 23, September 21, American Broadcasting campaign.
Archived from the original on October 27, Amazon UK. July 10, Retrieved August 5, Archived from the original on August 9, Archived from the original on October 21,ElsewhereSee more et A-la maison blanche. Archived from the original on December 27, Adam Davidson. Season eleven begins with new surgical residents coming to the hospital. Retrieved April 10, La decisione di Cristina di abortire getta la coppia in crisi. The this web page is an allusion to Gray's Auktion Chemnitza classic human anatomy textbook first published click here in London and written by Henry Gray. Retrieved May 19, December 6,